Richard Stallman explains how software patents obstruct software development. Software patents are patents that cover software ideas. They restrict the development of software, so that every design decision brings a risk of getting sued. Patents in other fields restrict factories, but software patents restrict every computer user.
00:00:00 Copyrights and patents have nothing in common.
00:05:20 1 patent does not equal 1 product.
00:11:58 Like publicity for a lottery.
00:13:44 If you are going to write a program...
00:16:00 Patent applications are secret until patent granted.
00:16:34 1984 compress program. 1985 LZW patent issued.
00:18:50 Can see all issued patents, but how to weed thru?
00:22:10 Interpreting a patent is difficult. Kodak vs Sun.
00:24:29 Paul Heckle story.
00:28:34 Back to LZW patent, impact on postscript. When standard is patented... GIF.
00:35:00 Zywrite downgrade.
00:37:32 Getting a licence for a patent. Casino game story.
00:39:30 Patent office thinks 1x vs nx is worthy of another patent.
00:40:13 Natural order recalculation patent expensive.
00:41:07 Mega-corporation's patent porfolio. Cross-licensing.
00:41:41 Think Magazine: Issue #5, 1990. How IBM uses its patent portfolio.
00:44:02 Myth of protecting the small inventor.
00:50:35 Free software vs payment-per-copy patent licenses.
00:52:42 Overturn a patent. Prior art.
00:53:50 If lawsuit in US, non-symmetrical lawyer's fees.
00:54:47 Your 3 options affected by many factors including luck.
00:55:21 Penalties for infringement greater if aware, best to cross the minefield blind.
00:57:17 Patents benifit some fields more then others.
00:58:40 Pharmaceutical patent used to be 1 patent = 1 chemical. Occasionally still true.
01:00:38 Software app can contain thousands of patents.
01:01:40 Hard to make physical products.
01:05:00 Software easier to build, so we make more complex.
01:06:00 Patent system creates gridlock. Ideas are NOT key to software progress, managing complexity is.
01:09:10 Impact in economic terms.
01:09:35 Impact on generation of (software) ideas.
01:12:10 Software patents directly restrict every computer user.
01:14:00 http://ffii.org/ - Your webshop it patented.
01:15:44 Canadian government commission rewrote interpretation of patent law to authorize software patents. No public hearings were held.
01:16:47 Too many governments that want to imitate US.
01:17:21 Up to you now. Demand issue receive public debate.
01:17:57 A patent is a long list of claims.
01:18:59 Concept of "a screw". Australia issues patent on wheel.
01:19:55 US patent office issues patent on using a swing.
01:20:30 Kirchoff's current law patent (1960s).
01:21:40 "Just give it some more time."
01:21:57 Can free software build its own patent portfolio?
01:23:54 Don't say "Intellectual Property" to RMS.
01:25:45 Pharmaceutical patents in poor countries = murder.
01:27:44 Patent a loop? Would be like patent on wheel.
01:28:15 Analogy between programs and symphonies.
01:34:00 SCO. Not important.
01:34:34 Contrast 1970s Indian patent laws vs 2000 amendments.
01:41:28 Preaching to the converted? Depends on you.
01:42:26 Future catalyst in US? 2 stolen elections.
01:42:43 Video ends, audio continues. (Video tape ended.)
01:43:56 End of talk.